Acne is the most common skin disease. People of all races and ages get acne. Acne is a disease that affects the skin’s oil glands. Acne lesions usually occur on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders. Although acne is usually not a serious health threat, it can be a source of significant emotional distress. Severe acne can lead to permanent scarring.

While most individuals recover from acne without any skin damage, some are left with pimple scars, acne marks, or permanent acne scars.

What is acne?

Human skin, especially on the face, neck, back, and chest is covered with hundreds of thousands of microscopic hair follicles passing throughout pores. Acne, which is also known as acne vulgaris, results from over-productive sebaceous glands. Sebum (oil) which normally drains to the surface gets trapped and bacteria (P. acnes.) begin to grow. All acne lesions start out as a pimple.

Who suffers from acne?

Acne is the most common skin disease. People of all races and ages get acne. But it is most common in teenagers and young adults. An estimated 80 percent of all people between the ages of 11 and 30 have acne outbreaks at some point. Some people in their forties and fifties still get acne.

Acne often causes physical and psychological problems such as permanent scarring, poor self-image, depression and anxiety.

What causes acne scars?

Acne scars are formed as part of the body’s natural healing process, as it heals inflamed acne. Most acne scars are depressed scars that appear in three forms: Icepick scars, Boxcar scars and Rolling scars. The Icepick scars look like deep narrow holes and may extend deeper in the tissue. Other types of scars are Boxcar scars which are round depressions with steep sides that look like large pores. Finally, Rolling acne scars cause undulations that look like rolling waves. Another category of acne scars is raised scars that usually become less noticeable over time unless they develop as keloids that are thick and rubbery.

Who suffers from acne scars?

Acne scars can form on any skin type and affect approximately 11% of the population. Family history and genetics play a significant role in a person’s susceptibility to scarring. In addition, those who suffer from severe acne have a higher chance of developing acne scars. Effective and early treatment of acne can significantly reduce the formation of scars. If scars are formed, it is generally best to treat them as soon as possible since the younger the scar the easier it is to treat and the better the result.

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